Visual Perception (VP) refers to the way we process and understand information we take in visually.
The motor muscles in our eyes must work together to complete smooth tracking movements (such as tracking words across a page as you read) and saccadic movements (such as looking up and back down to copy information from the board).
Visual perception is the umbrella term we use to talk about deficits or strength in the following areas:
Visual Attention: Focusing on important visual information and disregard unimportant background items.
Visual Closure: Recognising a form or object when part of the picture is missing. (picturing how the rest of an uncompleted image might look when we are doing a puzzle or writing or reading a letter, word, number or diagram)
Visual Discrimination: Determining differences or similarities between objects based on size, colour, shape, etc (between 'b and 'd' for example)
Visual Figure Ground: Locating something in a busy background (finding your keys on a cluttered bench, not glossing over an exam question on a busy page)
Visual Form Constancy: Knowing a form or shape is the same, even if it has been made smaller/larger or has been turned around. ('A' and 'A' are the same, whether written or typed)
Visual Memory: remembering what something looks like e.g. what the word “Mother” looks like(used when learning to read or copying words into a book)
Visual Sequential-Memory: The ability to recall a sequence of objects in the correct order. (Learning their mobile phone number, learning how to spell words)
Visual Spatial Relationships: Understanding how objects relate in their environment. (Realising the difference between 'b and 'd', not bumping into things when we manoeuvre through a crowded room)