Gross motor skills and strength are needed for every activity children do, including being able to: get dressed whilst weight bearing on one leg; sit at a desk or sit on the floor in the classroom. When children have poor muscle strength or joint instability, we have poor balance and cannot do simple activities easily- such as putting on pants or sitting still.
Children with a suboptimal vestibular system can have gravitational insecurity (they are unsure where their body/balance is in space). They may cause them to be fearful or reluctant to participate in everyday activities such as going on a swing or climbing stairs. Problems with our vestibular system can also mean the child has trouble with balance, dizziness and eye control, which can affect every area of their lives.
Some children presenting with poor gross motor skills may have dyspraxia, which is a motor planning disorder. We need praxis to: understand what we need to do; plan how to do it and execute that task. Children with praxis difficulties may be very avoidant of everyday activities as they don’t know how to do them or they may prefer to withdraw to an online or internal world that does not require any motor skills from them.