Children with poor executive function have trouble knowing how to start a task or recognise the steps involved in completing a task. This could be the steps needed to get ready for school, clean their room or do an assignment. Their difficulty with following multiple steps and remembering and organising and sequencing instructions and bits of memory all contribute to struggling at home or in the classroom or sports field. Without these skills, children may be forgetful, disorganised, procrastinate, tune out or act up as they don’t know how to do the task by themselves and find it “all to hard”.
In additional, poor self-regulation mean these children may have difficultly controlling their emotions or behaviour (control impulses, limit distractions, cope with stress or task demands and calm themselves when upset). Many children with ADHD have poor executive function skills. Parents may be frustrated that their child is bright yet they struggle academically, continually procrastinate, or seem unable to follow through on their homework or chores.